Letter to PM about US-India Bilateral Relations on Intellectual Property

Dear Prime Minister Modi ji,

We, the undersigned, wish to share with you some of our concerns on India’s position on intellectual property (IP), particularly in the context of bilateral relations between the United States of America and India. We gather from the US-India Joint Statement dated 30 September 2014 that the Indian Government

(a)greeing on the need to foster innovation in a manner that promotes economic growth and job creation…committed to establish an annual high-level Intellectual Property (IP) Working Group with appropriate decision-making and technical-level meetings as part of the Trade Policy Forum. 

The necessity for setting up the joint Indo-US IP Working Group is not entirely clear. As the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP)‘s press release of 3 October 2014 mentions, there is already in operation an Indo-US Trade Policy Forum since 2010. Therefore, we request your Government to kindly make the specific purpose of this joint Working Group publicly known.

We wish to further submit that the grant of decision-making powers to the new joint Working Group could be at the risk of ingression of sovereign policy space. Bilateral arrangements should not have the power to supersede domestic democratic decision-making processes mandated by the Constitution of India. We appreciate that bilateral parleys at the political and diplomatic levels may be necessary in order to address threats of unilateral action by the US administration. But such bilateralism in the area of IP must be approached with an extremely high degree of caution.

We urge that the Government be particularly wary of higher IP standards (benefiting US corporations) that are typically demanded by the US administration and its trade negotiators in bilateral and plurilateral negotiations. The US demands clearly go beyond what the World Trade Organisation (WTO) asks for from its member countries. Several regional trade agreements or bilateral investment treaties either signed by or being negotiated by the US bear evidence to this trend. Any bilateral negotiation on IP between India and the US would definitely witness demands on India to provide for higher standards of IP protection that are not required of us by the WTO’s IP agreement – TRIPS.

It is important to note that the new bilateral arrangement between the United States Government and the Government of India is being undertaken against the backdrop of heightened US political interest in India’s IP regime, which has been spurred on by its business interests. Pharmaceutical and biotechnology MNCs backed by the US are the key actors on that front. India has earned phenomenal interest world over for its generic medicines — a reputation that must be preserved. US should not decide our IP policies when it is a question of national interest and international solidarity. There have been intensified pressures on India; US putting India on its 2014 ‘Priority Watch List’ and the current Out-of-Cycle Review (OCR) of India’s IP regime being conducted by the US are recent examples of this. We fully support the position taken by Indian authorities to not go along with any such unilateral measures by the US Government. We insist that this stance of the Government of India be relentlessly maintained.

In case there is an intent to craft afresh our position on IP and its different dimensions, it should be pursued by a ‘National Working Group on IP’ working under the oversight of a Standing Committee of the Parliament of India. While formulating India’s positions on IP we trust that the Government of India will continue to withstand external pressures on this front. We urge the Government not to continue with the proposed annual forum on IP with the US, particularly as we do not have a matching domestic process.

The process begun under the DIPP to frame a national IP Policy, first needs to be completed independently along with public consultation. Many more stakeholders from amongst ‘ordinary’ peoples need to be included in the process; these include treatment activists, farmers groups, community organisations, etc. While there is no harm in having a policy statement, the policy should be consistent with the existing laws in our country and mindful of the future challenges, particularly for the generic medicines industry. While framing a national IP Policy afresh, it needs to be kept in mind that our current IP laws are already compliant with existing international laws and allied obligations. We strongly urge you not to amend India’s IP statutes to reduce the flexibilities currently available to safeguard the public interest such as affordable medical products, right to food and the access to knowledge.

As you are aware, India’s IP rules and their enforcement also have trans-boundary implications. As an emerging global force, as well as a responsible member of the global community, through its IP strategy India is well positioned to also articulate the concerns of many Low and Middle Income countries. The legitimate space for discussions on global IP standards is the WTO’s TRIPS Council, and it is in this multilateral forum that issues of concern between different countries should be discussed. India ought to reach out to a much larger constituency, even beyond the 160 country governments represented in the WTO, through the promotion of IP-related policies that are humane and which foster people-centred and planet-sensitive ‘development’.

We the undersigned, working in different sectors, would also like to collectively reiterate that higher standards of IP protection will not necessarily translate into ‘economic growth and job creation’ in a country such as India. IP-related policy cannot be dealt with as a mere trade issue. Sectors that entail the provision of basic human needs, such as health, agriculture, biodiversity, education, etc., can be adversely impacted by higher standards of IP protection and the dilution of flexibilities (for example, those in our existing Patent Act). Public policy goals with respect to scientific endeavours, technology development and local innovations that offer more sustainable options for the future – such as climate-adaptive seeds and Indian Systems of Medicine, can also be severely challenged by inappropriate domestic IP strategies.

Given the multiple domestic concerns that our IP Policy must respond to, we press for your Government to kindly view it with a holistic perspective that it warrants, rather than the official approach being subsumed by the relatively narrow confines of trade and economic policy.

We earnestly entreat you to take a personal interest in this important matter.

Thank you.



  1. Shalini Bhutani, Legal Researcher & Policy Analyst
  2. B L Das, Former Ambassador to GATT
  3. Anand Grover, Director, Lawyers Collective
  4. K M Gopakumar, Third World Network
  5. Dinesh Abrol, National Working Group on Patent Laws
  6. Prof. Jayati Ghosh, Jawaharlal Nehru University
  7. Kalyani Menon-Sen, Feminist Activist & Coordinator, Campaign for Affordable Trastuzumab
  8. S. Srinivasan, Low Cost Standard Therapeutics (LOCOST), Gujarat
  9. Amit Sengupta, Jan Swasthya Abhiyan
  10. Mira Shiva, Initiative for Health & Equity in Society and All India Drug Action Network
  11. Biswajit Dhar, Professor CESP/SSS, Jawaharlal Nehru University
  12. Sagari R Ramdas, Food Sovereignty Alliance – India
  13. K. Pandu Dora, Adivasi Aikya Vedika
  14. Kavitha Kuruganti, Alliance for Sustainable & Holistic Agriculture (ASHA)
  15. Vikas Ahuja, President, The Delhi Network of Positive People
  16. Loon Gangte, Regional Coordinator, ITPC-South Asia
  17. Aruna Rodrigues, Sunray Harvesters
  18. Suman Sahai, Gene Campaign
  19. Wilfred Dcosta, Indian Social Action Forum (INSAF)
  20. Surajit Mazumdar, Professor CESP/SSS, Jawaharlal Nehru University
  21. Kanchi Kohli, Campaign for Conservation and Community Control over Biodiversity & Kalpavriksh
  22. Kapil Shah, Jatan Trust, Gujarat & Organic Farming Association of India (OFAI)
  23. S. Ashalatha on behalf of Rythu Swarajya Vedika, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
  24. Kavita Panjabi, Professor, Jadavpur University
  25. Umendra Dutt, Kheti Virasat Mission, Punjab
  26. Usha S., Thanal, Kerala
  27. Aruna Burte, Feminist Researcher and cancer survivor
  28. Nivedita Menon, Feminist Activist and Professor, Jawaharlal Nehru University
  29. Gabriele Dietrich, National Alliance of People’s Movements
  30. Kannamma Raman, Associate Professor, Department of Civics and Politics, University of Mumbai
  31. Jacob Nellithanam, Centre for indigenous Farming Systems, Chhattisgarh & Madhya Pradesh
  32. Rajesh Krishnan, Coalition for a GM Free India
  33. Rachna Arora from Public Awareness on GM Food (PAGMF)
  34. Ashish Gupta, IFOAM Asia
  35. Claude Alvares, Goa Foundation
  36. M R Baiju, Democratic Alliance for Knowledge Freedom (DAKF), Kerala
  37. Madhu Sarin, Forest rights researcher and policy analyst
  38. P V Satheesh, Director, Deccan Development Society
  39. C N Suresh Kumar, Co-Convenor, Millet Network of India (MINI)
  40. C Jayasri, Coordinator, Southern Action on Genetic Engineering (SAGE)
  41. A Giridhar Babu, Alliance for Food Sovereignty in South Asia (AFSSA)
  42. Narsamma Masanagari, Media Coordinator, Community Media Trust
  43. Bharat Mansata, Earthcare Books
  44. T C James, former Director (IPRs), DIPP, Government of India
  45. Narasimha Reddy, ICSSR National Fellow, CSD, Hyderabad
  46. Mishi Choudhary, Executive Director, Software Freedom Law Centre (SFLC.IN)
  47. K Ashok Rao, President, National Confederation of Officers Associations (NCOA)
  48. B Ekbal, Kerala Sastra Sahithya Parishad
  49. Gautam Mody, General Secretary New Trade Union Initiative
  50. Sunil Abraham, Centre for Internet and Society (CIS)
  51. Veena Johari, Lawyer and Legal Researcher
  52. Subbiah Arunachalam, Science writer
  53. Vandana Shiva, Director Navdanya Trust.
  54. Manoj Pardeshi, General Secretary, National Coalition of People Living with HIV in India (NCPI+) and NMP+
  55. Malini Aisola, Oxfam India
  56. Manicandan, Forum Against FTAs
  57. Afsar H. Jafri, Focus on the Global South



Hon’ Minister of Agriculture

Hon’ Minister of Commerce and Industry

Hon’ Minister of External affairs

Hon’ Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change

Hon’ Minister of Human Resources Development

Hon’ Minister of Communications and Information Technology

Hon’ Minister of Science and Technology

Principal Secretary, PMO

Secretary, Department of Agriculture Research and Education

Secretary, ER& DPA , Ministry of External Affairs

Secretary, Department of Commerce

Secretary, Department of Communication and Information Technology

Secretary, Department of Environment, Forests and Climate Change

Secretary, Department of Higher Education

Secretary, Department of Industry Policy and Promotion

Secretary, Department of Science and Technology

For Further Communications:-

Dinesh Abrol, Convener, National Working Group on Patent Laws (NWGPL), J 17, Second Floor, Lajpat Nagar 3, New Delhi 110 02.

Tel: 011-40521773, Email: dinesh.abrol@gmail.com

3 thoughts on “Letter to PM about US-India Bilateral Relations on Intellectual Property”

  1. Pursuit of a parivar agenda will render India vulnerable to increased international manipulation. Talking tough to the WTO (an exceptional assertion) will not do


  2. From my view, Letter to PM about US-India Bilateral Relations on Intellectual Property cannot attract the Prime minister office. Because it contains lack of technological specification.


  3. The article has been well accepted in various US press.


    Obama Chief Guest of India – Republic Day celebrations January 2015

    Another point of view:

    Every one is playing a card – Barack Obama will play the India card.

    Brief Background: President Barack Obama will always be remembered in India for his deft handling of the current deficit in the US Economy. He will be visiting India as the Chief Guest of the country on the occasion of the India’s Republic Day celebration on January 26, 2015. He is still remembered for his launch of the first well documented $787 billion economic stimulus package during March 2009. It cut taxes, extended unemployment benefits and funded public works projects to create jobs directly. This expansionary fiscal policy was needed to kick-start the economy out of recession, which it did in the second quarter of 2009 and the US Economy looked up. Unfortunately during 2009-10, due to factors beyond control, the US economy came down and due to many reasons not under direct control of Barack Obama and thus the tax revenues took a beating. Government income fell from its pre-recession record of $2.568 trillion in FY 2007 to $2.1 trillion in FY 2009. It did not recover until mid 2013, reaching $2.775 trillion. Added to this, the War on Terror drove military spending to a pre-recession record of $671 billion in FY 2007. Despite declines in revenue from the recession, defense and security-related spending had to increase.
    Scenario: In light of all these background (circa 2007- 2013), today Obama would be delighted to be the Chief Guest in India during January 2015 as he is keen to see (apart from Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP), I.T. sharing knowledge, Power distribution agenda), that a new 10-year defense framework with the United States likely to be finalized in time. This will be the highlight of the bilateral negotiations when he arrives in New Delhi in January. The new framework is expected to replace the existing agreement of June 2005. Officials on both sides have confirmed that the agreement is almost “ready” for final clearances. This could be the much awaited cap on Barack Obama’s head. It is expected that the new defense framework will outline a series of exchanges between Indian and U.S. officials, including regular meetings between service and non-service defense personnel, the updated Defense Trade and Technological Initiative, upgraded military and naval exercises, as well as ‘knowledge partnerships’ between the national defense universities in both countries. Barack Obama will ensure that the signing of the framework with India will be a significant symbol of growing Indo-U.S. defense ties. Pentagon teams, including State Department officials dealing with the defense relationship, have been visiting New Delhi for the past few weeks. On Saturday, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Nisha Biswal will join other officials for the “India-U.S.-Japan” trilateral talks as part of the “Asia dialogue” that has been going on all week., Australia is also keen to pitch in. All in all, the trip to India by Barack Obama will earn some good brownie points from the Republicans come January 2015 as the deal with India will bring in some small amount of economic growth to the US economy.

    TPP – My views – Today India will not necessarily push its case to join the TPP as they do not wish to jeopardize its bilateral relations with Japan and China. China and Japan are separately developing their respective bilateral agenda/relationship with India on a standalone basis as they know the latent power of India’s 1.2 billion market where consumerism is on the increase and will push for a streamlined bilateral trade arrangement. India (under Modi) will be keep to grown bilaterally with all is its handpicked neighbors as China, Japan, Australia, and Russia. These countries know well that it is a mutually beneficial relationship going forward if they are on one on one with India. India has made it clear to these 4 neighbors that further deepening of economic ties will depend on redressing the prevailing imbalance in trade. These 4 countries will do well to work towards rectifying this situation both by facilitating market access to Indian companies and by encouraging firms from their respective countries to increase investment in India and expand trade in services. India is keen to attract investments in the area of infrastructure. For example, the new government in India is in the process of addressing and streamlining coal supplies afresh as they do not wish to delay and miss investment opportunities from overseas (China). With Australia, for example Indian companies as buying coal mines extensively. The new government in India is of the clear opinion that bilateral relations with the above 4 countries in Asia will work best for each other. These countries can use their specific bilateral relations with India to further their various individual agenda for business/trade penetration in the region., be it Afghanistan, SriLanka, Pakistan, Russia, Japan. In the midst of all these, Barack Obama is coming as the Chief Guest of India for its Republic Day celebrations in January. US knows that the best bet is India for 2015 onwards. They will thus need have a sincerely growth oriented bilateral relations with India going forward as they are also eyeing the 1.2 billion Indian population for business.

    Bilateral Relations with India – It will be to the advantage of the US if they really and sincerely partner (bilateral relations) well with India going forward. The Indian market of 1.2 billion (and growing) population will drive consumerism in the next decade. India’s new Prime Minister Modi has been extremely clever and alert and had already invited/visited and met with leaders in China, Japan, Australia and Russia after taking over as India’s new Prime Minister and paved a way to enlarge the bilateral scope with the respective countries and since worked towards an active business/trade partnership agenda going forward. All this is to pave a clean big way for him to build and further the important India/US bilateral relations on a very strong footing going forward. US should take advantage.
    Ramesh Kumar Nanjundaiya, Bangalore, INDIA


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