Of Hanuman, Pakistan and Bhaijaan: Prabhat Kumar

Guest post by PRABHAT KUMAR

Hanuman in the Enemy Land

What did our Ram-bhakt Hanuman do in Lanka, the land of his master’s enemy when he went there in the golden past? Everybody knows. What will Hanuman do, if today he is sent to Pakistan? Lankan voyage of Hanuman then, and cinematic expedition of his modern counterparts now (Sunny Deols of Border, The Hero, Ghadar, etc.), leave no room for imagination. Pakistan – the enemy land of India’s nationalist imagination – must be taught a lesson, as Rashtra-bhakt TV news anchors keep shouting from behind fire and embers on the screen.

We have seen on almost daily basis the bhakts, posing variously as Rashtra-bhakt or Ram-bhakt or lately as NaMo-bhakt. Bhakts, who persistently wish to annihilate the enemy land in TV studios, social media, or movie theatres. However, what a latest Hindi film Bajrangi Bhaijan shows is an unusual, or should I say, an abnormal bhakt. A bhakt, who does not want to destroy Pakistan! Lo and behold, he is a Hanuman-bhakt! He is called Bajrangi-Bhaijaan (Salman Khan). For, the word Bajrangi is a synonym of Hanuman, the ubiquitous monkey-god. He is bhaijaan because he is unable to lose his affection for a cute little girl even after knowing that she is a Muslim and, more than that, a Pakistani!

Bajrangi Bhaijaan: A Lovable Fool?

Bajrangi-Bhaijan is not a normal guy with brains. He is ‘abnormal’ who thinks from his heart. A person, who does not have adequate hatred for Pakistan can hardly be normal anyway! He is, therefore, at best a lovable fool, who cannot understand the ‘rational’ animosity of two nation-states: India and Pakistan. He is a simpleton, who does not know the merit of speaking lie and hence only speaks truth to power – the armed officials of the state. He is almost like a lunatic (Toba Tek Singh?) who is unable to fathom the naturalised abhorrence and distrust of the two states and their military apparatuses patrolling and shelling at the national borders. His desire to help a voiceless citizen-child of the enemy nation is simply impractical and foolish, if not irrational. His entire persona (his way of thinking or the lack of it, his (mis)deeds and self-less service to a helpless little girl, albeit belonging to the land of the devil) is of an emotional fool, who is nonetheless lovable. He is lovable because he is not shy of venturing for the sake of pure love and benevolence, unmindful of the ‘complexities’ of the real world. He is ready to bear all the risks in order to help the helpless, just like the lord Hanuman is known for by his devotees.

From Bhakt to Bhaijaan

Bajrangi’s penchant to help the helpless and his long arduous journey to unknown destination in the territory of the Other (Pakistan) transforms him from an ordinary bhakt into the bhaijaan: from an ordinary Hindu/Indian citizen to beloved elder brother, if not a big brother (of the Pakistanis). Bajrangi has been an ordinary caste(ist) Hindu believer (Pawan Kumar Chaturvedi) with all his inherited social prejudices – his father was an RSS pracharak, for whom Muslim and Islam are the despised other and their presence is even polluting. The fair-skinned people who eat non-vegetarian food are either impure Muslims or those belonging to some Hindu martial caste! However, the circumstantial confrontation and gradual acquaintance with a little other (a mute Pakistani abandoned girl child lost in India) and the consequent travel across the ghetto of his own cultural world and national boundary (to restore the girl to her family and nation), transforms the prejudiced bhakt of Hindu nationalism. He loses the fear of the hitherto unknown other, Islam as well as Pakistan.

At the end of this journey Bajrangi becomes bhaijaan, beloved brother of the Pakistanis. For, he is an Indian,who infiltrates Pakistan not because he is an agent of RAW as the Pakistani nation-state and its establishment would like their citizens to believe. This Indian in Pakistan is a saviour of aam Pakistanis, a lost child and her poor engrieved family. The Indian is, in fact, a protective elder brother. He is given the epithet bhaijaan by the Pakistanis.

India that is Bhaijaan

Not surprisingly, the little Pakistani national regains her voice in the end of the film to call him mama – the brother of her mother. In effect, she voices the feeling of aam pakistanis, the Indian intruder is no less than the much misunderstood revered brother of her motherland. Bhaijaan crosses the LoC and reaches Indian side with the help of aam Pakistanis – a news-hungry journalist, a kind hearted maulana, and a few good men in uniform. Bajrangi’s demeanour is conspicuously different at the end of his journey, he does salaam and aadaab in addition to jai shri Ram. In the final scene Bhaijaan looms large on the screen as if Gandhi on the frontier draped in a coarse blanket, holding a long stick and people on either side of the national fence watching him with reverence and awe. The transformation of a bhakt, thus, is figuratively completed. So is reaffirmed the seniority (and by implication maturity and superiority) of India in relation to Pakistan, needless to say, in the cinematic self-perception.


Prabhat Kumar is Assistant Professor of History at Presidency University, Kolkata. Email: prabhat.his@presiuniv.ac.in

One thought on “Of Hanuman, Pakistan and Bhaijaan: Prabhat Kumar”

  1. Dear Prabhat, Have not seen Bajrangi Bhaijaan yet. What I have read and what you have written make sense. I have two comments. One, Its subversive message is couched in an acceptable garb to the middle class hysteria about nationalism and Bade Bhai syndrome. It reinforces all the stereotypes about Muslims and Pakistan. Imagine a film maker of India making just the opposite story— Rahim Bhai doing the same to an Indian mute girl? Two, in the garb of chivalry and heroism, it is still dealing with Muslims as the “other”– the icon borrowing of Gandhi with his lathi is supposedly to imply the indivisibility of the nation(s) and appropriated, like Swacch Bharat, for the opposite impact. This way of making things acceptable to a large middle class audience in India is much more dangerous than the Gadar (Deol) kind. This is uncannily akin to rise of Nazism. Prove your superiority, benevolence, and turn the table once you have a mute convinced middle class behind you. Hope you are well despite what is going on in your college/university. Bibhu


We look forward to your comments. Comments are subject to moderation as per our comments policy. They may take some time to appear.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s