[This detailed report was prepared by Kavita Srivastava, the Jaipur-based general secretary of the People’s Union for Civil Liberties. Posting this here to make it publicly available as it is not on the PUCL website. Please note that this was a rough draft. ]
State Violence and Caste Confrontation in Rajasthan
I. Outline of the week long movement for ST Reservation by the Gurjars
Soon after independence the Bhil Meenas got reservations in the Districts of Dungarpur, Banswara, Chittorgarh and Udaipur. At the time of 1931 census the Bhil Meenas were over 20, 000, however today they have reduced to half they are only 10,000 in number.
This was an issue of contention for the Meenas as they felt that they also deserved to be STs so they decided to raise their voice against this injustice as they called it. Under the leadership of Lakshmi Narayan Jhirwal they organized themselves.
11th June 1952: Meenas organized a sammelan near Dudu (Jaipur) district for the inclusion of the Meena community in the Schedule list for reservation. The Gurjars supported this wholly.
12th June 1952: On the recommendation of the MP from Dausa constituency called Raj Bahadur Singh, then CM Jai Narayan Vyas, sent his recommendations to the Central Government.
19 January 1953: The Cabinet of the Union of India appointed retd. CJ Kaka Kalelkar as the chairman of the commission to understand whether the Meenas need to be selected for ST. the commission recommended only the Chowkidar Meenas as suited for the ST reservation. He was assisted by Jaganath Mehta, IAS, the chairperson of the Rajasthan Social Welfare Board. They surveyed and gave a report about the socio economic condition and their backwardness.
1955/1956: The Meena MP from Rajasthan called Captain Chutan Lal advocated with the Government and got the term Chowkidar removed from the Chowkidar Meena category selected for reservation. Thus managed to get all the Meenas into the schedule tribe list.
25th May 1976: The Gurjar community organised themselves for the first time at Dholpur. Strategically they invited two Chief Ministers from MP S. C. Shukla and PC Sethi and the then CM Rajasthan, Haridev Joshi who was accompanied by two senior cabinet ministers Shiv Charan Mathur and Jagganath Pahadia, they presented to Brahamnand Reddy the UOI Home Minister the Memo demanding their inclusion in the ST list. The Dholpur Sammelan was held under the leadership of KL Verma, Coordinator and Ram Karan Singh.
The UOI Home Minister immediately in Dholpur itself instructed the Rajasthan CM Haridev Joshi to whet this demand legally and get back to the centre.
In 1977 amendments took place by the GOI in the SC and ST list. Subsequent to that no changes have taken place in the last thirty years.
1981: Several castes including the Gurjars gave their recommendation to the CM SC Mathur to be included in the ST list.
The Social Welfare Department examined all the caste recommendations and found that the Gurjars donot fit in the GOI criteria of inclusion in the list. The criteria of classifying a community as ST include indications of primitive traits, distinctive culture, geographical isolation, shyness of contact with the community at large, economic and educational backwardness and the community’s lack of access to regular means of livelihood. This criteria is not spelt out in the constitution but it has become a welll established and it sums all earlier definition used.
17 Oct 1981: The present CM Shiv Charan Mathur did not include them in his recommendations to the GOI whilst recommending the inclusion of the Gadoliya Lohar and the Banjaras in the S T list.
8 August 1994: The Gurjars become OBCs with the CM Bhairon Singh Shekhawat recommending to the centre that they be included as OBCs on the basis of the State OBC Commissions recommendations earlier in the year. The role of Rajesh Pilot was acknowledged for ensuring this.
18 June 2003: Vasundhara Raje during her election campaign better known as Parivartan Yatra, commits to the Gurjar her support for their inclusion in the ST list if brought to power. At the Kishangarh meeting on the 18th of June, 2003 Vasundhara Raje gave this commitment. She further gave this commitment in November and in November 2003 PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee commits the Jat Mahasabha for their inclusion in the OBC list against the recommendations of the OBC commission and they were notified in the list of the OBCs in 2004 before the parliamentary elections. The Gurjars never opposed this move of the inclusion of Jats in OBC.
The Jats also put a condition that the OBC quota would not be broken up. After the Jats being declared OBC in early 2004, they started getting all the jobs. Which got the Gurjars Angry and discontented felt cheated. This demand picked up a new energy and felt that they should get out from here. They asked for ati pichada varg status. Saini, Gurjars but not given.
11st April, 2004: When a delegation of Gurjar leaders consisting Colonel Bhaisnla, Hans Ram Gurjar, (ex chairman Gurjar maha sabha), Atar Singh Bhadana MLA, Sheel Dhabhai, Ram Singh Prabhakar, Captain Haraprsad, Capatin Jagram Singh, Captain Vijendra Singh and the Shiv Charan Singh Sarpanch of Kamri, Hindon Block, Ram Singh Prahakar, at the BJP Head quarter. Along with Lalit Kishore Chaturcvedi they asked for more time and said would meet the commitment.
18th August 2005: the Rajasthan Gurjar Maha Sabha President Ram Gopal Guard, also the President of the District Panchayat of Jaipur district from a BJP seat, sat on a fast with forty others to remind the BJP that they must live upto their commitment of sending the recommendation to the centre of them being included in the ST list.
23 August, 2005: A Cabinet Minsters advisory committee is constituted under the leadership of the Home Minister of Rajasthan, Sh.Gulab Chand Kataria to look into this matter. The other Ministers included Water and Irrigation Minster Sh. Sanwar Lal Jat, PWD and Parliamentary Affairs Minister, Sh Rajendra Singh Rathore, Health Minister Sh. Digambar Singh, Minister Social Wlefare, Sh. Madan Dilawar
It met soon after and took a decision to ask each Collector to send a report on the socio economic condition of the Gurjar community in their district as required by the GOI .
12 March, 2006: Not having faith in this cabinet sub committee especially as it never met after that the Gurjars organized a sammelan of four districts at Pipal Khera, Dausa district reviewed the commitment of the Government and took a decision to set up another platform on the issue of reservations and appointed Col. Bhainsla as the president of the Gurjar Reservation Committee for inclusion in the ST.
30 April 2006: On this day there was a meeting of the BJP Kisan cell at the BJP Party headquarters convened by Atar Singh Bhandana MLA from Bayana, he asked all the Gurjar leaders to come and arranged a meeting with the CM. Sh. K L Verma, retd DSP and convenor of the first samelan of 1976, Col Bhainsla and many others were there. The CM again assured them that she would stand by her commitment.
18 June 2006: The Gurjar Community organized a State level Sammelan in Jaipur and formed the Gurjar Arakshan Sangharsh Samiti under the leadership of a retd. Colonel of the Indian Army, Sh.Kirori Singh Bhainsla. This was a clear split between the Gurjar Maha Sabha led by Ram Gopal Guard the president of the Gurjar Maha Sabha. The Gurjars wanted to put pressure on the Government like how the Jats were able to do it in 2003.
3rd September, 2006: A huge protest rally is organized in Hindon. The response is so good that the Gurjar leaders are also taken by surprise. The mobiliser was Atar Singh Chadan village (ZP Sadasya Sawai Madhopur). The community manifested its anger at the Governments attitude of delay and inaction that they expressed it by doing a violent protest consisting of a Rail Roko agitation. They ended up pulling out rail tracks so that the Government would take a note of the issue and so would the media. The trick did work. The CS came by helicopter to meet the agitators. He assured them that on 15th the CM would meet them and their problem would be resolved.
15 September 2006: The CM met the Colonel Bhainsla, K L verma Capt. Harprasad, Capt Jagram Singh, Capt Vijendra Singh, Shiv Charan Singh Sarpanch, Kemri, Sawai Madhopur and others and assured them that their demand would be met. The Government acted soft on the agitators and did not book cases against them. The Government decided to call a meeting of the cabinet Sub Committee on the 8th. This was the second meeting happening since over a year. On the eve of the meeting of the cabinet sub committee, about two dozen Meena MLAs met in Jaipur to plan the threat that the Gurjar posed to them.
10 February 2007: During the unveiling programme of the statue of Rajesh Pilot at Dev Malli, in Ajmer district, the issue of betrayal by the Rajasthan Govrnment featured prominently
10th May 2007: After waiting for 8 months, the Gurjar Arakshan Sangharhsh Samiti, GASS led by Colonel Kirori Singh Bhainsla meets in Hindon, Karauli district. Since the Government has done nothing they take a decision to intensify their struggle in order to get the Government to respond to their issue. The programme announced was to blocking the key Highways. This was announced in all papers in Jaipur on the 11th .
12th May 2007: Letter sent by Col. Bhainsla to C M Rajasthan by the Gurjar Arakshan Sangharsh Samiti.
22nd May 2007: Letter sent by fax to C M Rajasthan by the Gurjar Arakshan Sangharsh Samiti.
The press notes published by the them and the Gurjars own letters to the Government clearly only talked of five road blocks. One on Jaipur – Agra, NH 11 at Patoli Peepal Khera, The other at the Dev Narayan temple on the Bundi stretch on the Jaipur Kota Highway, NH 12, a third at Kotputli on the Jaipur Delhi Highway NH 8, a fourth at Kishangarh on the Jaipur Ajmer Highway on NH 8 and a fifth at Tonk on the Jaipur Kota NH 12.
This was also published in all the local newspapers on the 23rd May including Dainik Bhaskar and Rajasthan Patrika.
27th May 2007: The cabinet sub committee once again decided to meet. It was obvious that only met wih tht e when they were under pressure of the Gurjar mobuliation. This was the fourth meeting of the advisory committee of five Ministers.
They called some senior leaders of the BJP including Minister Kalu Lal Gurjar, Gurjar Maha sabha President and Jaipur Zila Pramukh Ram Gopal Guard and several others and assured them that the Government would give an answer by 31 July, 2007 as some districts still had to send their reports. The Gurjar Maha Sabha led Ram Gopal guard disassociated itself from the agitation and announces that they would wait for the committees report. However, he was isolated as most of the supporters were with Colonel Bhainsla.
The Home Minister also had a meeting with the Home Secretary and the DG Police and they decided to impose Sec 144 C Pc from the 6 pm of the 27th to midnight 5th June in the districts of Karauli, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Ajmer, Jaipur and Tonk. More troops including deploying the RAjasthan Armed Constabulary, Rapid Action force and the BSF.
28th May 2007: Police begins arresting a large number of people on the 28th itself. They were mostly the leaders from the districts of Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Karauli, Jaipur, Tonk, Ajmer, Bundi. More than 300 people were arrested only in Jaipur district. According to several newspapers the police didnot register these detention and when some of the leadears asked to see the records they were told that if they would try and interfere too much then they would be booked under fresh cases of conspiracy and other serious criminal offences.
The Government also appointed a large number senior officers of the rank of IG and DIG and secretary level officers as being incharge in the districts where the agitation had been announced. Very serious altercation began between the police and the people on the eve of the agitation.
II. The objectives of the agitation and an analysis of the Pamphlets issued.
Apart from letters and faxes to the Government and the reporting carried out by local newspapers about the road block, the mode used most effectively were the wide distribution of pamphlets in every district that were printed by various leaders announcing the objectives of the road block and the planning distributed in every district. We came across three such pamphlets one written by the President of the Gurjar Arakshan Sangharsh Samiti, the other by the National Secretary of the Akhil Bharatiya Gurjar Mahasabha, from Bandikuin and another for the President of the Bundi district.
The pamphlet of Colonel Bhainsla is an appeal to the Gurjar masses to join the struggle. He gave a call to make the road block successful as it was an issue of prestige for the Gurjar community and connected with the issue of social justice. This pamphlet also talks of how people should come with their own arrangements of food and water for three days, as the main objective of this agitation was to get the Rajasthan Government to give a letter to the Central Government recommending the Gurjars be considered eligible for ST status. Although the letter states that the people come prepared for a three day sit- in however, it also announces that since obtaining the letter was the goal of this agitation, if required the people should be prepared to stay longer.
The pamphlet also states how in the period of the agitation several “Bhagwat Katha” programmes had been orgnaised between the 28th and the 1st, where there was a provision of providing free food. The pamphlet makes a request to postpone these events as it was very important to sacrifice any personal and private interest for the sake of the community interest. It also suggests that incase some people still go ahead with these food events then both the food and the sweets should not be eaten and publicly boycotted.
The pamphlet gives a note of caution at the end. It states that the road block should be orgnaised peacefully and democratically. It makes an appeal against any violence or loot and rioting and the prevention of any kind of activity which will trouble the administration, it also states that whoever joins the struggle should apply their mind and come to the Dharna. .
The pamphlet not only gives the sites on the highway of the road block they also go on to announce which district or tehsil Gurjar should reach which place.
1. Peepal Khera – Patoli road block on the Jaipur Agra stretch of NH 11 should have the Gurjars of the districts of Karauli, Dholpur, Bharatpur, Dausa and the Bamanwaas and Gangapur tehsils of Sawai Madhopur participate
2. Road Block near Tonk on the Jaipur Kota stretch of NH 12 should have people of the of Tonk and Malpura tehsil.of Tonk, Chaksu tehsil of Jaipur and the remaining tehsils of Sawai Madhopur participate .
3. At Bundi on NH 12, ( Jaipur Kota Stretch) the Gurjars belonging to the districts of Bundi, Kota, Jhalawar, Bhilwara, Baran, Banswara and Dungarpaur, particpate.
4. At Kotputli on NH 8,( Jaipur Delhi stretch) Gurjars residing in Kotputli, Jaipur ALWar, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Chiri, Hanumangarh and Ganganagar particpate. .
5. At Kishangarh, on the Jaipur Ajmer stretch on NH 8, Gurjars belonging to Ajmer, Nagaur, Chitoorgarh, Rajsmand, Pali, Sirohi, Udaipur and those belonging to Western Rajasthan particpate.
Several lakhpamphlets were distributed around the State by Mr. Bhainsla .
According Mr. Prabhakar the pamphlets he wrote were distributed by him mostly by hand all over Dausa district and by post too to several people in other districts of Rajasthan. He had printed about 5000 pamphlets and all but 600 got distributed. Those six hundred would have also been distributed had it not been for the fact that he was arrested on the 28th May and was lodged in Bandikuin jail.
His parcha is extremely balanced it gives a history of the reservation struggle of the Gurjars in Rajasthan to become STs,. Interestingly it also included a background on how the Meena’s struggled to get reservation. It also gives a blow by blow account of the betrayal by the present Government of Rajasthan on this issue
It finishes with a note of caution, which is very important, it goes on to say that “we would like to inform the Rajasthan Government that we will carry out a peaceful agitation, however, if the Government unnecessarily creates obstacles then it will have serious repercussion. After all we are struggling for our rights and not taking anything away from any other section of the society”. They then go on to address the MLAs, MPs and other leaders, that they hope that they will support them or else the consequences of their indifference or neglect may result in the inevitable choice of opting for a third party which would be neither BJP nor Congress, in the future. The third party being the BSP and Mayawati who had sincerely advocate their cause of ST reservation during the rally held in Jaipur in the past. It finishes with the announcement of the particular Highways that would choose for the road block.
A third pamphlet was issued by the Gurjar Vikas Sangathan, Bundi. It address the Gurjas as Lions. The pamphlet initially talks of the commemoration of the death anniversay of Lion Vijay Singh Pathik at the Deve Narayan Mandirr on the Bundi Bye Pass road. It talks of the several events planned including a night long progamme of the enactment and reading of the Phad Katha by the Brilliant artist troupe called teh Gotha Gayana.
The pamphlet also states that on the 29th of May the Gurjars were holding a state wide agitation in order to highlight the demand of their eligibilty under ST status, In Bundi a massive public meeting would be organised.from 9:00 am onwards which woould be addressed by prominent leaders like the Shri Kirori Singh Bainsla, Chairperson of the Gurjar Arakshan Samiti.
The pamphlet gives a call to women to come in large numbers and as in all the pamphlets asks people to hold a peaceful agitation.
III. State provocation, Unwarranted police firing and large scale violence in the State
All the pamphlets of the Gurjar reservation agitation talk of holding a peaceful protest then why did the agitation turn violent and become an All Rajasthan agitation. It is important to ask these questions as it would be unfair to presume that the Gujars are violent and therefore have no other way of responding or conversely .
Patoli – Peepal Khera : the nerve centre of the agitation
Total Dead due to Police firing: 6
Number of Constables dead: 1
Number of Injured:
Date of firing : 29th May
Time of firing: according to the people between 7.30 am an d8 am. According to the police 8.30 am.
Firing orders given by Collector Dausa, HK Damor
Patoli : Household pattern in the village
Meena : 2
Muslim 15/ 20
Bania: 8 to 10
Jangid: 8 to
Patoli- Peepal Khera this interesting point on the highway is where the Government expected maximum trouble as they posted the largest number of forces here. Apart from Rajasthan police personnel of the district, they had also posted BSF, Rapid Action force, Rajasthan Armed Constabulary along with one SP, DIG and IG. Although Patoli and Peepal Khera are only three kilometres apart however, Patoli represents an island of Toda Bhim tehsil of Karauli district inside Dausa District and Peepal Khera is the contiuation of Dausa District.
Colonel Bhainsla, the President of the Samiti also decided to reach this point on the night of the 28th itself. This was meant to be the point where Gurjars were supposed to reach from the district of Karauli, Dholpur, Bharatpur, Dausa and the Bamanwaas and Gangapur tehsils of Sawai Madhopur to participate. People started coming in large numbers by tractors, trolleys and jeeps. However the number on the 29th morning could be fixed for few thousands in all. Between Peepal Khera nad Patoli is a third village called Karanpur, arrangements were made in all the three villages for the people to stay and eat. On the other side of the Highway is a village called Todawalli alongside Peepal Kheda, which is where a meeting was taking place in the morning of the 29th under the leadership of the Colonel.
People were a victim to police high handedness all through the night of the 28-29. Since the police had been instructed from above, as told by the SP to our fact finding team, that under no cicumstances would the Highways be allowed to be blocked. The police had been keeping a vigil all night at the people, that before day break, they decided to come down heavily on whosoever came on the highway. According to the people of Patoli, the tear gas shells were fired around five a.m. when they were all planning to go to the toiled on the side of the road. Laxmi Narayan Jangid told us that he was also going across the highway on the other side foe morning ablution purpose and suddenly he felt a bullet like substance go past his ear. He was frightened and decided against going across Many who were already in the fields were fired at.
According to Kailash Saini the bullets were both rubber and of metal. He also said that a large number of tear gas shells were also fired between 5.30 am and 6 am. He also told us that Kailash, s/ o Chander was living in ward number 6 and her was hit by a large tear gas shell and which were fired from a gypsy. He also got other bullet injury and even today he was in the SMS. Other bullets were also fired which also reached the inside of the village.
Victims of tear gas shells:
On the end of Patoli towards the Peepal Khera side we met 6 yeard Kirpa s/ o Ker Singh, 5 year old Sajjan s/o of Ker Singh, and their grand mother Nathi w/o Prahalad. all of them had been burnt by tear gas shells. According to them they were asleep outside when suddenly tear gas shells were fired and it came and hit them.
According to Bhagwan Singh Gurjar he was also hit by a lathi. According to him Addl SP Kalyan Mal Meena’s name was oft repeated as the main culprit who caused the firing. He was teasing the Gurjars and was the oone who had ordered firing. He told us that the police got into the home and went literally two furlongs in to the village and tried to prevent people from coming on to the roads.
They said that the previous evening the ADM was touring the area their was no fear of him. He was just observing and asking people to be off the road, but Kalyan Mal Meena wsa ordering the police force to either lathi charge them or fire teargas shells and later he was the main culprit because of who bullets were fired.
Across the road on the other side we went to Vijay singh’s house and we met his daughters, son and wife. all of who had been victims of police atrocities. According to Sheela who is the daughter of Vijay Singh Gurjar showed her bruised arm and Savitri showed her bruised thigh and said that they was asleep when the police barged in to their room and hit her with a Danda.. Hari Om the young son of Vijay was still limping as he had been badlly beatn ion the foot. According to Anokhi the wife of Vijay Singh she was heating milk when the police came and beat her. 70 year old Kesar Bai Mother of Vijay singh was also not spared. she also showed her shoulder and her arm which was still in acute pain. Another woman Bharosi the wife of VIjendra also showed how she had been beaten on the foot and still had a limp.
Why did the police fire at the people?
According to Bane Singh, son of Harhe Gurjar of Patoli at about 5 am a tear gas shell was fired mindlessly which even hit cows and buffaloes. His own cow a valuable Holisten cow was hurt and she fled the jungles along with other buffaloes. When the women of the households ran to get the livestock the police surrounded these women and misbehaved with them.
When the women were attacked the men opposed this and came on the road and confronted the police. They were about a less then a couple of thousands. This resulted in the police chasing these men away into the fields. Some even ran to the mountains behind towards the east side of Patoli. This was around six am. When the men returned back to the fields about 7.30 am they were about three to four thousand, the police again started chasing them. But this time they fired at the people. It was only when people dropped dead that more people came on to the road.
WE met Hemlata w/ o Madho Singh at Peepal Khera, she was 22 years and her husband was in the army posted in Srinagar. She told us that between 6 and 6.30 when she was making tea she saw a large number of policemen chasing villagers run along the field next to their house in Dharam Singh Subedar’s Hamlet. She said it was a frightening sight as the police was spread like grass all over. Wherever I set my eyes there policemen in riot gear.
Suddenly she said that policemen came into her hamlet. Two of them caught hold of her hands and one started beating her up. they also started grabbing her body and verbally abused her. She said that whe she screamed they verbally abused her even more. When she was fighting back and struggling to get out of their clutches she said that they beat others too. Her 80 year old great grand mother in law awas laos beatn up on the right shoulder. She said that she kept pleading with them that please leave me. Swaropi w/o Dharam Singh and the sister in law of Hemlata said that they also threw a stone at her and the tell tale marks of the injury on her forehead still told the story.
Hemlata also told us that they lcoked her son in the room where they had blasted a tear gas shell. The family kept looking for the child and finally they found him in an almost fainting condition inside the room where the tear gas shell had burst.
The deaths of the six people in Patoli
Ram Niwas s/o Arjun Lal aged 40 / 42 years, has left behind three grown up sons and one daughter. They only had one bigha of land. His eldest son Ramesh told us that when he was going on his daily trip to the temple at about seven thirty am. he was hit by a bullet from teh back. about fifty yards before the temple. The bullet went straight through his neck and was out from the front. He was carrying with him his bag which contained the Ramayana. He was on a fast that day as he observed the Tuesday fast regularly. The point where he dropped dead was at least two hundred to two hundred and fifty metres from the road towards the south and there was huge blood stain still on the road. We also went to that spot and examined it.
Ram Niwas’s family members also complained how the police had entered several houses in the village and grabbed at the women and beaten them up with sticks. .
According to eye witnesses Raja ram and Mukesh who took us to see where the people were shot, took us towards the middle point of Peepal Khera and Patoli towards Karanpur road, where towards the fields on the North side three dead bodies were found, at least two to three metres away from the road. that of
Ram Veer, s/o Shiv Charan aged 19years married only a year ago and had dreams of joining the army as the whole village talked of his jogging endeavours, was killed in the police firing when he was returning from his morning jogging. The bullet hit him in the front part of his thoracic region.
Sumer Singh s/o Ram Singh 28 years, village Bhopura, Mndawar, Dausa. Bullet hit him in the Upper part of his back. he was also found dead in the field on the side of the road.
Samay Singh s/o Hukam Singh aged 32 years. Dungarpura Toda Bhim,Karauli . He was also hit in the fields on the right of the highway going towards Agra. He was hit on the upper back.
Damodar Lal S/o Jawan Singh 55 years, village Darwakhana, Bayana. He was also killed by a shot which hit him on the back.
Harkesh Gurjar, 28 years from Sittor, near Bamanwaas, Sawai Madhopur.
It was only after this that Bhainsla arrived from Todawali and they took the decision to sit on an indefinite strike.
They had to lift the strike because the MEenas had stopped the supplies of water and food. On the last two days they had survived on Googhri ( Bolid Grain ). A lot of people went hungry in this period. People of the four villages opened every little hosue and store to the protestors. The tent house people refused to give them tents as the Meenas had clearly refused them to. Mikes were made available from temples.
Interview with the SP P. Ramji and Addl SP Kalyan Mal Meena, Dausa District.
According to the SP they had been given clear cut instructions from above that Sec 144 had been imposed and that nobody could block any road and that they had to ensure that anybody who tries to block the road should be evicted. He said that a large number of people came on tractors and trolleys and inspite of the timings being 11 am they came on tried blocking the road 6 am. He said that from 2am to 6 a,m they had been successful in preventing the people or their vehicles from coming on to the highway. He said that the people got weapons and stones in the tractors and trolleys. However, they did listen to the Collector and the police and didnot put their tractors and jeeps on the road. However, between 6 am and 7 am they became agressive and started throwing stones so they had to resort to tear gas shells. He said that the crowds that came in the morning went to nearby villages. They were about 800/ 900 policemen and the crowd at the peak was not more than thirty thousand. Since they had clear instructions about not letting the road being jammed they were clear that however, so they would comply by it. When the crowd came back to jam and started moving towards their camp based at the reliance Plaza between 7 am and 8 am in very large numbers they knew thay had to resort to some action The last straw was when Dungar Singh Shekhwat a constable was dragged fromabout five hundred metres fromthe reilance plaza, the collector gave the firing orders to stop the approaching crowd towards the police. He said that even when we did controlled firing the crowd would not stop. Then we fired in self defence. Had we not fired then more than fifty people would have been killed. He said that more than 23 constable were seriously injured. The firing happened at 8.30 am according to the SP and all the people killed were those who were on the Highway. They never fired across the road. He insisted that they were armed. He said that after the killings the crowd became even more agressive so they had no option but to withdraw and after consultations with their seniors they withdrew.
He said that the Meenas also wanted to go and attack the Gurjars at PAtoli on the 3rd so he had to resort to lathi charge. After the sit in began he was given the charge of the Patoli to Dausa Stretch. The IG Gwala was given the Amarpur to SAipura stretch and Dausa to Lalsot was given to I G SN Jain.
He said that the State intelligence had informed them that about 50,000 people will gather and we ourselves had estimated 30,000. It was only after the sit in started with dead bodies that the crowds increased and even those who disagreed with Colonel Bhainsla joined the struggle.
He said that this crowd wanted to kill police and that is why it was different.
The Gurjars broke the main pipeline from Sainthal to Dausa. THe Dausa Meena nd Grujars donot wish to fight they are the Dang Gurjars and MEenas who are agressive. He said that
Whenasked whether they proivded mediacal help and ambulance he said tha t
He said that the maximum people were from Karauli and Sawai Madhopur and they were the ones who were the more agressive ones.
It was a Jail Bharo Andolan and we would have got ourselves arrested it they would have arrested us.
RAC, RP, RAF, STF and CRPF, from Ajmer
3 Days apna khana lekar.
Gau Palak removed, Pahadi, Khadar, nadi ghati mein basne wale log, Game Sanctaury and Parks shetra ke gaon
Sariska Sanctuary 250 Alwar, AK Saxena removed from the area.
Ranthambore Sanctuary 16 villages
Khari Gurjar and Law, mining wale, pahadi
Law Kheti wale Plains
Total 284 cases.
On the 29th the jam was not powerful in kotputli, sheel Dhabai and others who were from the Ram Gopal guard group
30th Jam in Kotputli in a reaction to the dead in Patoli and Bundi.
18 thoughts on “Kavita Srivastava’s report on last year’s Gujjar confrontation in Rajasthan”
“18 June 2003: Vasundhara Raje during her election campaign better known as Parivartan Yatra, commits to the Gurjar her support for their inclusion in the ST list if brought to power. At the Kishangarh meeting on the 18th of June, 2003 Vasundhara Raje gave this commitment. She further gave this commitment in November” PLESE GIVE ME THE NAME OF THE NEWS PAPER’S TO INCLUDE THIS MASSAGE. EMAIL ME firstname.lastname@example.org THANK YOU
dera Kavita mam your work is exilent. There are actual facts ….
i want some more detail an interview with you if you have some.
Our team working on this agitation from last year. Presentaly we are in Rajasthan , collect some facts & findings. pleASE ……………
Gujar Places In Pakistan
The thousands of places were named after the Gujjars and their sub-tribes in the Sub-Continent during the period they ruled over the South and some part of Central Asia. In these days an interesting discussion is going on as to who the Gujjars or Gurjars are? I am mentioning the name of some places situated in all the four provinces of Pakistan. This do not include the villages named after the Gujjars situated in Jammu & Kashmir, Northern Areas and the Tribal Areas. I will updating the visitors of this site after I complete the data in respect of these areas. I will also try my best some time later to provide the name of villages after the sub-tribes of Gujjars. The following data will help the analysts and historians to draw some befitting and logical conclusion.
I will be highly obliged if any brethren may add to my knowledge by mentioning such places named after the word Gujar, Gujjar or Gurjar, situated in India or any other part of the world. Kindly forward this despatch to other sites discussing the Gujjar’s dilema.
Ch. Muhammad Ashraf Gujjar,
P U N J A B PROVINCE:
DERA GHAZI KHAN DISTRICT
CHAK 217/GB GUJJAR PIND
CHAK 176/GB PALA GOJRA
TOBA TEK SINGH DISTRICT
MANDI BAHAUDDIN DISTRICT
HAJI PUR GUJRAN
BHERON CHAK GUJRAN
NAWAN PIND GUJRAN
QILA GUJAR SINGH
GHOUS PUR GUJJRAN
GUJAR KHAN TEHSIL
DHANGDEW GUJAR MAL
North Western Frontier Province(N. W. F. P.)
D. I. KHAN DISTRICT
GUJRAN DE GAL
LOWER DIR DISTRICT
UPPER DIR DISTRICT
S I N D PROVINCE
KARACHI DISTRICT GUJAR CHOWK,
B A L U C H I S T A N PROVINCE
DERA BUGTI DISTRICT
ISLAMABAD CAPITAL TERRITORY (I.C.T.)
DERA GUJARAN (SECTOR G-10)
MARRI GUJAR, TALHARR.
Dear Kavita ji,
If it is true that present C.M. of Raj. gave a commitment to gain/capture votes of a particular community during election meetings and after comimg in power how can she refuse to not to fulfill her own commits ? Is there no moral for political parties/leaders . “kya aisa koi kanoon nhi he jo in netaon ke vaade or ghoshnaon par rok lga sake ” Plz also update with this year facts and pacts. your exercise is superbbbb…….
Also tell me about that newspapers name in which C.M.s declrration is published.
nameste, your fact finding about gurjar stir is very useful your information is very deep.
respected kavitaji even after 2yrs your finding have not been challanged we mourned the second death anniversary on 29 may 2009 at peepalkhera we remember u thank u even bansal commison going dead slow
It is a wonderful documentation of clear facts with no bias to any.
I really compliment you on the meticulous reserach and facutal analysis.
Vijay Singh Bainsla
I appreciate the article of Kavita. It is historically correct that the reservation was recommended only for chowkidar meenas of Dhundhar (Jaipur State) by Kaka Kalelker Commission in 1955. Meeting was held in DUDU . It was decided in 1937 Nellore Conference of Congress that Criminal Tribe Act 1871would be abolished as soon as congress is in power. Meenas (Choukidar) were notified as Criminal Tribe by Jaipur State in 1924 . Vide section 2 of said Act Meenas were defined “Meena means Meena Chowkidaran” but later by manipulation of Mohan Lal Shukadia (not by Jai Narayan Vyas) ,meenas of whole state were put in ST and Congress got 15 seats only from Meena belt. Chouwkidar Meena are very much close to Gujjars in tradition and thier Jagas claim that Choukidar Meenas are are a group of Gujjars. But Jamindar Meena (this word was coined by Alwar MNaharaja Banney Singh ) are actual Hindu Mev . During Gaznavi (1025 AD) most of the meo converted into muslim religion and remaining Hindu Meo changed changed their name as Meena and adopted agriculture lobourer on Rajput feild , these agriculture labour were later differenciated as Jamindar Meena . Most of the Jamindar meena (except jaipur district) have common gotra with Muslim Gotra and claim same stock. Chowklidar meenas do not have meo gotras but also do not have gujjar gotras too. I think that both Gujars and Chowkidar Meenas resided for long period in same areas (which i suppose to Rajjor or tala of alwar during Gurjar pratihar period) . Now most of the Govt Job and Political seats have been grabbed by Jamindar Meenas. After introduction of reservation not a single person of chowkidar meena have gone in state assembly but 100% seats have been occupied by Jamindar Meenas. It is Histrorically cheating. Andrewmina
Very good resarch
Thanks please send your email id.
HELLO DEAR AJAY SINGH GURJAR, HOW ARE YOU? INJOY ON 31 NEW YEAR …………..
though this issue too old but I would like to comment Madam Kavita that not Gujars, but all other specially Brhamins are appears to against meena community, everywhere the echo that why Meena got reservation as ST. for your kind information Madam Meena are the real Tribes, we cann’t deny the welfare of Gurjar or any other cast, important is to extend benefit of reservation to Gurjars.they can be given maximum benefit of reservation but how can any cast can be converted into Tribe., We Meena are the real real tribes. and still 90% of Meena are deserving for reservation. Creamy layer system is required in ST/SC also.
verry good research
Thanks for this factual and informative article. Can anyone tell me where I can download CJ Kalelkar report? Thanks!
Reservation should be in high courts,supreme courts for equality
Continuously supreme court is giving antipeople judgements,anti
employees policies,anti reserved people eg banned more than 50 %reservation .
An ordinance to protect convicted MPs and MLAs from
facing immediate disqualification should be approved and
passed immidiately.(the Union Cabinet, in effect negating
an order of the Supreme Court.)
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MUST IMPLEMENT RESERVATION oF OBC ST SC IN
CORPORATE WORLD, PRIVATE SECTOR, SHARE MARKETS, NSE, MEDIA, MF,
SUPREME COURT,ALL COURTS,JUDICIARY(SO THAT BRAHMANVAD DO NOT
MAKE LAWS SUITABLE FOR FORWARD CLASS ONLY
If 60 years of reservation could be so difficult to withstand
and could make life miserable for the so-called forward classes,
imagine what 1000 years of subversion with absolutely no choice
and absolutely no voice, would have done to a human race.
Mam…Do you have credible information that only choukidar meenas were recommended for inclusion in ST..If you go through history of Meena community you can’t deny the fact that meenas are one the of earliest inhibitant of the region and rightly considered as tribe..But the difference which you are trying to made between Choukidar Meena and Zamidar Meena is hard to distinguish..Both are having same culture..Even we meenas among oureselves don’t know whether somone is Choukidar or Zamidar..these are just differences of occupation..No community has been denied reservation on the basis of their occupation if they are found fit for tribal criteria…Please don’t try to create confusion out of it ..If you want to know whether Meenas are rightly considered as tribe of not.. Plz read “Mina,The ruling tribe of Rajasthan” By S,H.M Rizwi..Meena tribal movement was started even before independence..Get you facts correct
the list st include in banjara gadiya lohar in st in the rajasthan
सदियों पुराना बंजारा समुदाय और मोघल और अँगरेज़ से घमासान करणे वाले और बंजारा समुदाय का मूल राजस्थान होते हुए.राजस्थान मे बंजारा समुदायों पर अन्याय और अत्याचार यह ना सहनिय है.
भारत के सांसदीय ने बंजारा समुदाय को S T मे सामील करणे का 1952 मे तय होते हुए भी भारत की काँग्रेस सरकार ने अभीतक S T मे सामील नही किया.
बल्कि बंजारा समुदाय को हर राज्यों मे अलग अलग सूची मे रखकर अन्याय अत्याचार किया गया.
बंजारा समुदाय को ओट बँक बनाकर समुदाय का खून चुचनेका कार्य होते रहा.
बंजारा समुदाय हर राज्यों मे अलग अलग नामों से पहचान ने जाता है.
राष्ट्रीय बंजारा मिशन ने बंजारा समुदाय को S T सूची मे लाने के लिए भारत सरकार.और DNT कमीशन दिल्ली से माँग कर दी है.हम संविधानिक भारत के बंजारा देश के हर कोने मे रहेंगे तो एक ही सूची मे संविधान यह हत्यार है.यह मिशन की मिशाल है.