Passage of Amendments to UAPA – Further erosion of Constitutional Rights: JTSA

This release was put out today by the JAMIA TEACHERS’ SOLIDARITY ASSOCIATION

The pushing through of the amendments to Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) in the Rajya Sabha, despite protests and calls for further discussion and deferment, indicates the consensus between Congress and BJP on the issue of civil rights. The passage of the amendments, which now bring economic offences under terrorism, and broaden the definition of person to an extent that will criminalize all forms of associations, will provide sweeping powers to the police and security agencies, and create a regime of suspicion.

False Claims of the Government:

Responding to the debate in the RS, Minister of State for Home stated that, “The Act does not give sweeping powers to the police and there are checks and balances that will prevent misuse of the Act.” He further assured the House that the law was “religion neutral” and would not target any particular community.

This is patently false.

Sweeping Powers to the Police:

The broad definition of person (“an association of persons or a body of individuals, whether incorporated or not”) will actually allow the police to detain and arrest anybody they deem to be an association.  

Again, the clause thatcriminalizes the raising of funds “from a legitimate or illegitimate source… knowing that such funds are likely to be used …by a terrorist organization”… “notwithstanding whether such funds were actually used or not used” for the commission of a terrorist act will be open for misuse. The police can now ‘legitimately’ arrest people who have raised monies or sent remittances home, on the merest suspicion that they had subjective knowledge that it might be used for terrorist activities.

Such subjective knowledge, while may be difficult to prove in the courts of law, will not deter police from arresting people.

Checks and Balances:

The simple truth is that there are no checks and balances to blunt the draconian edge of this law. The Home Ministry had conceded as much to the Standing Committee when it said that an innocent person “can produce evidence to show that he is not associated.”

Yes of course. One always has the option of trying to prove one’s innocence, but that’s not called a safeguard.

Neutrality of terror laws:

The history of anti-terror laws belies this naïve claim. We have seen how POTA and TADA have been used extensively to target minorities (among others).  Thousands, almost all Sikhs, were detained in Punjab during the TADA years, and the state of Gujarat invoked POTA against 280 people, 279 of who were Muslims. The last few years have seen UAPA being used extensively against Muslim men on charges of being members of banned SIMI; and on hundreds of tribals and democratic rights and cultural activists in the name of Maoism. It is a sign of times to come that the House defeated the amendment moved by a Left MP to keep trade unions out of the purview of the UAPA. The signal is clear: beware, all you, who speak for rights. The source of your funds could be investigated under terror laws.

The amendments push us back to the dark days of TADA and POTA, contrary to what the government may have claimed in the Rajya Sabha yesterday.  The difference though is that while POTA and TADA were special or extraordinary laws, with sunset clauses, requiring extensions after their period of operation lapsed; UAPA has absorbed the draconian provisions while masquerading as an ordinary law with an indefinite period of operation.

Released by JTSA. (

5 thoughts on “Passage of Amendments to UAPA – Further erosion of Constitutional Rights: JTSA”

  1. If you think that ‘Terrorism’ is not an issue, its fine with me. Seriously, because I respect your opinion. But if you think that there are ‘terrorists’ (regardless of their religious or political inclinations) are out there, then please suggest alternative legislative or administrative measures. May be the Govt. will not listen, but the ordinary people will know that there are morally right and administrative effective ways and means to tackle the problem.


  2. Laws are not as damaging as their implementation. Laws have to be all encompassing. Implementation needs discretionary use of the laws. Our bureaucracy needs proper training on this.


  3. The New UAPA law which was recently tabled in Parliament is a new way of minority witch hunting. Creating mere law is not a solution, in fact strengthening already existing laws and institutions will be a solution. This Law would Give complete authority to police with no responsibility. Take a Pause and turn your thoughts on all the existing Draconian laws and honestly give answer to yourself that, all these laws were quite fair and has placed every citizen Equally before the law (People of all religions). If not why? if we will give more power to police without making them accountable and responsible, we are actually making system to plunge to complete authoritarian and totalitarian regime. Under the UAPA, only police suspicion is enough for accusing a person of crime of any other act. It can be justified on any ground. To make the system more civilized we need to inculcate the moral values in our system, which not only will make a system more civilized but responsible. This law will widen the rift among the people and will ultimately prove to be disastrous.


    1. The abuse of laws is the most serious issue in this nation. No channel or newspaper has shown interest as yet. Hope good sense will prevail and the MPs would oppose it.


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